We use the Transformational Framework (2018) by Sabrina Culyba extensively in our process. It focuses on producing games that support positive behavior change and good health outcomes.

ROLE: Designer (7 mo), Project Manager + Researcher (4 mo), Game Design Lead (1 mo)

DURATION: 8 months | October 2018-current

ADVISOR: Jessica Hammer

TEAM: Xiangzhu Chen, Jeffrey Chou, Tithi Jasani, Adela Kapuścińska, Judith Leng, Ruoxi Li, Arnav Mahajan, Emily McDonald, Stacie Nam, Juliet Pusateri, Khushi Sanjay Shah, Jessica Timczyk, Qian Wang, Rocky Wang

CLIENT: Philips Healthcare


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Sleepy Games ManifestoTransformational Game: Good Night



As Project Manager for Sleepy Games, I led a group of 13 student designers through design, playtesting and research writing. I oversaw logistics: organizing meetings, booking rooms, assisting game groups when necessary and helping dispense the project budget. During this time, I was also coordinating the Manifesto team, successfully producing a design methodology for our work.

As Game Designer for Good Night, I devised the gameplay mechanics and conducted in-class playtesting sessions. Additionally, I produced graphic design elements for the team.




A design manifesto that aims to spearhead the realm of Sleepy Games, build design methodologies for the topic of sleep [and highlight interesting and useful game examples] and offer an innovative lens in sleep studies.

ROLE: Producer, Researcher, Writer

DURATION: 4 months | January 2019-current

ADVISOR: Jessica Hammer

TEAM: Xiangzhu Chen, Jeffrey Chou, Adela Kapuścińska, Arnav Mahajan, Emily McDonald


The Manifesto Team is working hard on getting this to you - so stay tuned!




Good Night is a transformational magnetic fridge texting game that focuses on improving sleep quality for night and swing shift workers, by helping them engage in continuous, meaningful conversation with their close ones and facilitate wind-down after work.

TYPE: Magnetic fridge texting & guessing.

TIME: Indefinite. 1-5 minute interactions.

PLAYER: 2+ family members.

ROLE: Game Designer, Graphic Designer

DURATION: 1 month | October-November 2018

ADVISOR: Jessica Hammer

TEAM: Elva Fu, Adela Kapuścińska, Kirabo Lynn, Arnav Mahajan

CLIENT: Philips Healthcare




Sleeping issues are major problems for night and swing shift workers. Statistics show that 15 million Americans work the night shift, with 40% of them only sleeping 6 hours or less. Research has also suggested that such lack of sleep and disruption in the rhythm could lead to pre-diabetes, or even cancer. Solutions to workers’ sleep issues seem at best marginally effective, or rarely addressing the problems at its root causes.

We were asked to create a physical game prototype that would help improve the sleeping conditions for night and swing shift workers.




In order to better understand the nature of night shift work and the types of problems that arise within these scenarios, we conducted interviews with our focus group (which included nurses, EMS workers and university bus drivers):

Research Insights

  • Workers have positive perception around their sleeping schedule (specifically, in terms of regularity) and don’t consider their sleep to be interrupted.

  • Workers’ sense of satisfaction and accomplishment in their professional lives is dependent on job excitement, social interactions and perceived impact.

  • Workers’ experience a fraught relationships between the desire to sleep and guilt for not being there with their families - “commitment” to recovery and social maintenance.

The interviewed workers have pre-established schedules and routines with sleep, but experience regret and often sacrifice their sleep recovery cycle to spend time with family.




Having identified the area for change that our game could address, we delved into defining its goals:

  • To improve the wind-down ritual. To establish a sense of coziness and relaxation through this end-of-day activity. 🏠

  • To enable continuous and meaningful conversation between worker and family. A means of communication that is intriguing and playful to facilitate further interaction between family members that don’t spend much time together. 💌

  • To allow workers to process their days. To facilitate reflection and to clear their minds before bed. 🌀


For workers to go to sleep more at ease, and be frequently communicative with close ones. 🛏️





We understood that in order to encourage behavior change in the area of sleep, we had to develop a game that would eliminate stress and decrease arousal level. Cozy Games, a Project Horseshoe think tank initiative, provides fundamental instruction in the way we approached the concept of the wind-down ritual in our game.


We deliberately constrain the players’ ability to communicate a thought by restricting players to the language of emojis and other visuals. During our playtests, we noticed that messages specifically conveyed with only emojis created ambiguity and miscommunications which led to humor and playfulness.


We examined the relationship between anticipation and suspense, and how we could use that to engage players with the game and increase the pleasure associated with the experience. The asynchronous scheduling of the worker and their family allows for parallel play. Based the pleasure that comes from seeing a response to one’s message or clearing up ambiguity about the meaning of emojis, this delay will help motivate players to keep engaging with the game.


For more details:




This was our proof of concept: it examined the game’s feasibility and desirability around a designer’s household. The kit included emojis, sentence prompts, comic themes exclamations and adjectives.



  • While the activity of recounting one’s day is exciting, having prompts isn’t. Players found the prompts supplied with the game to be too specific.

  • Players have strong preferences with their emoji choices. Some playtesters focused on finding and categorizing their favorite emojis before displaying their story, while other relied on finding the most effective emojis to convey their message.

  • Players want space for expression. The constrained mode of communication encouraged players to deliver their messages as best as they could, by taking up all of the board that was provided to them.


Players are most often operating on their mental models of phone representations & categorizations of emojis. Embracing that would mean arranging those game materials to follow suit of those systems.



This prototype further examined player interaction with the emojis, if uncategorized by the designers. The game now included two separate boards for each players and minimal prompt to facilitate story creation. We did one round with prompt and a second round where they freely constructed story.



  • The fun isn’t in the prompts. Players thought that the prompts were not needed in the game. They expressed that they had more fun trying to figure out the message of the last Player.

  • Players express themselves in freeform. They completely ignored the days of the week that were placed on the board and just wrote messages in a freeform style. Players put a lot of thought into responding to messages.


To embrace the style of chat conversations and completely redesign the boards that would be used by the players.


This prototype tested how players responded to the separation of boards and how would they respond to each other’s messages. Players were presented with a number of emojis, a game board that now comprised of 6 chat bubbles that were pre-arranged according to day, and cartoons that were to be used as profile icons for each Player.



  • The timeline needs further structure. There was confusion around the timeline of the different players and who was responding next. Players did not like that each bubble had two conversations happening in it.

  • Customization is highly important. One player chose from the pool of provided cartoons as their profile icon, while the other used their own personal item.


To separate the two conversations (the story and the responses to the stories) into independent speech bubbles.

To consider a better and more efficient organization of emojis.




2+ Family Members. Any age.

Indefinite playtime. Parallel play.

Play area: Kitchen or any other familial space.

Game Materials Color-coded speech and response bubbles, customized velcro-emojis and word magnets. With the flexibility of the materials, the game can be adapted to family needs and explode outside of the kitchen!

Game Rules The game is played asynchronously, to support the differing rhythms of the night/swing shift worker and their family. When a family member comes home from work, he/she will use the magnets and pieces provided to tell a story about their day, or to leave a message (respond) on the fridge before they head to sleep. Their family will respond and tell their own stories during their awake hours.



Project sponsored by: